Scientifical and Technical Journal of Bryansk State Technical Unversity          

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Journal "Vestnik BSTU" ¹ 2 (22) 2009

Founder is the federal State budgetary
Educational Institution Higher Professional
Education "Bryansk State Technical University"

Editorial board:

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Fedonin O. N.

Deputy editor-in-chief
Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent Sazonov S.P.

Executive secretary
Candidate of Technical Sciences, Docent Tatarintsev V.A.

Members of the editorial board
Averchenkov V.I, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Bryansk)
Buhach A., Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Poland)
Gorlenko O.A, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Bryansk)
Erohin D.V, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Professor (Bryansk)
Klimenko S.A, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Ukraine)
Kobischanov V.V, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Bryansk)
Petreshin D.I, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Bryansk)
Pruteanu O., Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Romania)
Sitazh M., Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Poland)
Smolentsev V.P, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Voronezh)
Stepanishev A.F, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Professor. (Bryansk)
Suslov A.G, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Moscow)
Khandozhko A.V, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Bryansk)
Heifetz M.L, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor (Belarus)

Registration certificate
by Federal Service for Supervision of Legislation
in Mass Media and the protection of cultural heritage
PI ¹ FS77-21709 August 17, 2005

Address editorial office:
7, Bulvar 50-letiya Oktyabrya,
Bryansk, 241035, Russian Federation
tel. (4832) 58-82-77
e - mail:

The subscription index of catalogue
“Russia press” - 18945 semi-annual,
15621 – annual.

It is issued in February 2004.
4 numbers a year


Bishutin S.G., Shupikov I.L. The stand for research functionality trimming «of the carrying round beam – the polyurethane roller» friction lifts. The construction is presented, the functioning principle is described, the main technical characteristics are represented of the test bench, and also techniques for the control of performances functionality trimming «of the carry-ing round beam - the polyurethane roller» friction lifts.
Key words: bench test; functionality friction pair; the carrying beam; the polyurethane roller; the friction lifts.

Shec S.P. The cuff wear rate in tribocoupling exponent «shaft seal». There are pacing factors that exert the greatest influence on the cuff wear rate in tribocoupling exponent "shaft seal". It is presented thermodynamic entropic model, that evaluate the cuff wear rate in metallizing-polymeric tribocoupling.
Key words: intensity of wear process, capacity of friction, shaft, condensation.

Chepchurov M. Ñ., Hurtasenko A. Â., Maslova I. Â. The automated control of a deflection of the case of the cutting tool over turning processing. In article the quality monitoring of a deflection case of a cutter is described at turning rocessing with use of a subsystem of the auto-mated control of vibrations and impact. Theoretical bases of a quality monitoring are resulted and the description of the equipment for its realization is given.
Key words: ñutter, deflection, the control, vibration, accelerometer, a handheld computer, the automated subsystem.

Duyun T. A. Modeling thermal deformation to ensure the accuracy of mechanical handling. The article presents a methodology for modeling the thermal deformations of workpiece in the machining of the example of turning a copper contact surface of the collector motor DC. For the simulation using finite element method. The method can be used to optimize the technological parameters of processing to ensure the required accuracy.
Key words: simulation, thermal deformation, turning, the collector, the electric motor.

Miroshnikov V.V., Levkina E.V. Quality management system, based of introduction of crit-ical control points. Principles and method of construction of quality management system on the basis of introduction of critical control points in the most important technological processes of production are considered.
Key words: quality management system, critical control points, quality of products.

Zernin M.V., Mefyod E.V., Yashutin A.G., Grishanov A.V. Realization of the technique of calculated estimation of durability of slider bearing by the system of criteria of damage of friction surfaces. In the article illustrated the first results of realization of scheme of calculation of durability of slider bearing by system of criteria of damage of surfaces from cycle volumetric stress and various kinds of wear. Acceptable accuracy of calculations is shown by the example of the tested samples of slider bearings.
Key words : slider bearing, cycle volumetric stress, various kinds of wear, criteria of damage, calculation of durability.

Mikhalchenko G.Ñ, Antokhin A.Â. Estimation of dynamical performances of high-speed electric locomotive with different designs of traction drive. Results of computer simulation of dynamics of high-speed electric locomotive with three two-axle bogies are considered.
Key words: traction drive, computer simulation, high-speed electric locomotive, dynamical per-formances.

Aksyutenkov V.T., Titenok A.V., Timakov A.K.. Reciprocal motion bearings with the high-est kinematic pairs. The possibility of creating of reciprocal motion bearings with the highest kinematic pairs is considered.
Key words: bearing, kinematic pairs, reciprocal motion.

Reutov A.A. Formalization of selection conception for technical object design. The facet method classification of design conceptions is considered. The formal method of conception se-lection by comparison descriptions of technical requirements and filtered set of conceptions is suggested.
Key words: design, conception, classification, technical requirements.

Moiseenko M. A., Sacalo V. I. Simulation of the temperature fields of the disk brake details. Using the direct mathematical simulation the method of definition the temperature and stress fields arising during braking process in the details of a disk brake of a high-speed carriage is worked out on the base of the equation of nonsteady thermal conductivity in the moving medi-um.
Key words: nonstady temperature field, disk brake, braking, direct methmatical simulation.

Korytov M.S. Construction technique equidistant surfaces in a path searching problem of moving a truck crane cargo. The construction technique equidistant surfaces round any real surface of obstacles set on a two-dimensional discrete grid with any step is described. The tech-nique is intended for use in algorithms of search of the shortest path of moving cargo in systems of automatic control of truck crane.
Key words: truck crane, equidistant surfaces, obstacles, the shortest trajectory, path searching.

Lustenkov M.E. Projection of planetary ball transmissions with various profiles of racetracks. In paper the construction and principles of operation of planetary ball transmissions are observed. The equations presenting profiles of racetracks of various types are resulted and their comparative analysis whenever possible realisation of cogging with a fixed reduction ratio and on efficiency is carried out.
Key words: the planet gear, a ball, racetracks, efficiency.

Malinkovich M.D. One of the methods of decrease loads in the gear mesh. The method of decrease the coefficient of transfer forces in gear mesh due to decrease cruelty of gears by divi-sion their surfaces on a parts are considered.
Keyword: gear mesh, coefficient of transfer forces, cruelty of gears.

Potapov L.A., Maklakov V.P. Method of the measurement of the angular acceleration with procedure transformation the digital signal of the frequency photosensor. Considered the method of the measurement of the angular acceleration with connected the frequency photosen-sor to PC port. Considered the algorithms of calibration photosensor, digital filtering and differ-entiation. A results of experiment is analyzed.
Key words: Measurement of the angular acceleration, measurement of the moment of rotation, procedure transformation the digital signal, frequency photosensor, connected to PC.

Fokin Y.I., Yanchencko V.S., Zhuravlev V.V. The problem of selection of primary fuel for carrier fuel cells. Possibilities of use of the basic fuel sorts for carrier fuel cells are analised. Primary fuel reforming variants for hydrogen getting are compared.Unreacted during reforming process gas removal hardship is underlined.
Key words : fuel cell, fuel, reforming, conversion, catalyst;\, pyrolysis.

Gogolev I.G., Drokonov A.M., Nikolaeva T.A. The effect of technological and operational factors on changes in the design geometry of turbo machinery and characteristics of their stages. The paper gives the results of studying the effect of changes in the geometry of channels of nozzle and operational grates of turbines on their reliability and economical efficiency.
Key words: rotor; stage; adjournment of salts; reactivity; axial effort; turbo machinery; techno-logical factors; operational factors; characteristics of stages.

Obozov A.A. Application of math simulation method for diesel engine operation process as the means for algorithmization technical diagnostics system. An application the simu-lation method for the purpose of identification relations between marine diesel engine (DE) structural and diagnostic parameters is considered. The influence of ignition chamber leak-tightness on cylinder air compression process during rotating DE crank shaft by rotating device is determined. The diagnostic algorithm for estimation the DE cylinder leak-tightness based on obtained data is built.
Key words : marine low-speed diesel engine, technical diagnosis, processes mathematic simula-tion.

Izrailev V.Y., Podvesovskiy A.G., Sivakov Y.I. Computer-based system for implementing of informatics competitions. A structure of the software system, which provides a computer support for implementing of online informatics competitions, is presented. The user interface of the system is described, and the features of the implemented approaches for the problem-solving results testing are examined.
Key words: informatics; competition; software system; testing; processor time.

Bogushevsy A.E., Lozbinev F.Y. The specialized programme complex «information and programme resources of organs executive authorities an Bryansk area». The questions of automation of management by development of information’s and programme resources of organs of the executive authority of Bryansk region are considered. The specialized programme com-plex is described.
Key words: information resources, managerial system database, software.

Simkin N.V. Multiplexed bus of embedded graphics system based on Virtex-II Pro FPGA. Original research and development of architecture of multiplexed bus working in conjunction with Processor Local Bus of PowerPC405 CPU embedded in Virtex-II Pro FPGA are described by the author of the article
Key words: architecture, embedded processor, multiplexed bus, a graphical system PowerPC, Virtex-II Pro.

Averchenkov V. I., Kozhuhar V. M., Sazonova A.S. The estimation of scientific potential of region. There are considered problems of an estimation of regional scientific potential, also it executed the estimation and ranging of Central Federal District areas of the Russian Federation on significance of scientific potential.
Key words: scientific potential, indicators of scientific potential, weight factors, estimation methods, the Delphi method.

Laricheva E.A. Development of innovative culture of the enterprise. The innovative culture of enterprise is considered. The factors influencing on the culture are allocated. The block dia-gramme of process of formation of innovation culture is resulted.
Key words: innovative culture, corporative culture, conservative culture, index of innovative culture.

Obozov R.A. Establishment of the risk management system on domestic enterprises. The organisation of risk menegment servise on industrial enterprise is described. Specifications of the enterprises for which it is necessary to establish the integrated system of risk management are given. Main principles of renking of the risks and construction of the cards of risks on the basis of obtained data are shown. Basic instruments of the risk management are revealed, such as de-viation, retention and diversification. Recomendations for the estimation of the effectiveness of the system of risk management are given.
Key words: risk management, probability, decision-making process.

Popkov V.I. The sustainable development as a paradigm of preservation of a civilization. The reasons of ecological crisis and other global problems of mankind are considered. The sus-tainable development concept as unique possibility of preservation of civilization is analysed.
Key words: anthropogenous influence, biosphere, coevolution, a noosphere, a sustainable de-velopment, a civilization, ecological crisis.

Lobeeva V.M. The essence and the main stages of the genesis of russian liberalism. The pe-riod of formation. The author analyses the essence, the main forms, the content and the genesis of Russian liberalism. The period of its formation (the end of the 18th century – the first half of the 19th century), represented bu the educational liberalism, the liberal ideas of the moderate frend of Decembrism and the constitutional-reformational liberalism of state bureaucracy is con-sidered in detail.
Key words: liberalism, genesis, educational liberalism, liberalism of the Decembrists, constitu-tional-reformational liberalism of state bureaucracy.

Popkova N.V. Biological human transformation: technical factor. The purpose of the paper is to present philosophical analysis of human mind and body modern transformations. It contains review of modern conceptions to changes of human consciousness, health, physiology, behavior. The main question studied in the paper is following: to what extent the technical progress effects on the man. The present-day situation is characterized by growing ecological instability, which has significant effect on human ecology and produced changes in its body and mind. It may be stated that human health depends sensitively on technological level.
Key words: ecological problem, technical progress, technosphere, biotechnologies, human trans-formation.

Dergacheva E.A. Technogenesis and its charachteristics. The article is dedicated to the analy-sis of interpretation of words «techogenic», «technogenesis», «technogenic society», «techno-genic world», «technogenic transformations», «technogenic economics». Society, technosphere and biosphere form the specialties of the technogenesis.
Key words: òechogenic, technogenesis, technogenic (industrial and post-industrial) society, technogenic world, technogenic transformations, technogenic economics.

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