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A.V. Morozova, Can.Sociol. Sc.
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Mechanical engineering and engineering science
V.A. Nosenko, A.A. Alexandrov.
DEPENDENCE OF THE MEAN AND DISPERSION OF GRAIN WIDTH OF SILICON CARBIDE BLACK GRINDING POWDERS ON THE MESH SIZE OF A PASS SIEVE
Silicon carbide black grinding powders 54CF180-F36, mass-produced at Volzhsky Abrasive Plant are studied. Powders are screened into fractions according to GOST R 52381. Measurement of a grain width of each fraction was carried out by means of a photometric method using specially developed soft-ware. For the vast majority of fractions the grain width follows the normal distribution law. The deviation of the grain width from the normal law can be observed at the fractions settled on the second sieve and the pallet. With decreasing the nominal mesh size of a pass sieve in each grit size the arithmetic mean of grain width of the main fraction decreases, dispersion reduces from the fraction settling on the second sieve to the fourth and increases at the fraction settling on the pallet. In case of the identical mesh size of a pass sieve the mean and dispersion of grain width fraction increase with grinding powder grit increase. For each grit size the functional dependences of the mean and dispersion of grain width fraction on a mesh size of a pass sieve are established
Key words: black silicon carbide, grit size, fraction, grain width, normal distribution, mean, dispersion, mesh size of a sieve
A.P. Suvorov, A.V. Kuzovkin.
DESIGNING OF A COMBINED TOOL FOR COMPLEX SURFACE MACHINING
The paper is devoted to opportunities of using up-to-date CAD programs for the development of a tool design for machine-building manufacturing based on designing and manufacturing of a combined tool-
electrode for electrical discharge machining
Key words: : digital prototyping, combined tool-electrode, electrical discharge machining, curved surface
Friction and wear
M. V. Zernin, N. N. Rybkin.
THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT FOR MODELLING THERMAL, ELASTIC AND THERMOELASTIC COMPONENTS IN THE COUPLED PROBLEM OF FRICTION UNITS THERMOELASTICHYDRODYNAMIC
The scheme for the solution of the coupled problem of friction units thermoelastichydrodynamics is given. It is noticed that one of the main ways for decreasing labor input of the task solution may be the choice of the rational finite element providing decision accuracy at a big aspect ratio. Twenty-nodal three-dimensional finite element is chosen and in this finite element not only second order joint shape functions but also the third order out-of-node not joint shape functions are used. By using some test examples for temperature, elastic and thermoelastic problems the advantages of such quasi-joint finite elements in comparison with joint ones are shown
Key words: friction units, problems of hermoe-lastichydrodynamics, temperature field, elastic defor-mations, thermoelastic deformations, finite element method, shape functions, approximating polynomial, test problems
V.V. Kopytkov, A.V. Shnyparkov, P.A. Starovoytov.
THERMAL RADIATION INTENSITY WHEN USING COMPOSITIONS
ON THE SURFACE OF THE PROTECTED CONSTRUCTIONS
Fire gaps between buildings and household out-buildings on neighboring private plots are regulated in accordance with the technical normative acts (TNA)  and can make from 6 to 15 m depending on build-ing levels of resistance to fire. Fire gaps don't often follow these standards because of a number of factors. One of the security techniques of inflammable struc-tures is a gel application on the construction surface which is under thermal radiation because of the near vicinity of the radiation source.
By means of a mathematical apparatus it is shown that using a layer of gel liquid 1 cm thick on a surface of inflammable structures and at direct impact of the thermal flow with 10 kilowatt/m2 density on a wood sample, sample ignition happens in 280 - 290 seconds after the beginning of influence. In the presence of a 0,5 cm layer of gel liquid ignition occurs in 140 - 150 seconds after the beginning of influence of the thermal radiation.
Thus, the temperature value in a layer boundary with wood depends on the thickness of composition layer. When using a composition layer on the protected constructions made of wood we may avoid any spreading of the fire in nearby structures that will lead to minimization of material losses and considerable decrease of human casualties
Key words: thermal flow density, thermal radiation, ignition temperature, flame height, boundary conditions
I.V. Karnaukhova, V.N. Karnaukhov, D.A. Zakharov, O.V. Karnaukhov, O.V. Ryndina.
INFLUENCE OF THE EXCESS AIR FACTOR ON FUEL CONSUMPTION BY DIESEL INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
According to the results of the study numeric val-ues of influence dynamics of the excess air factor on fuel consumption by diesel internal combustion engine have been received. Cause and effect relationships between the excess air factor and formation of a mix have been defined, optimum intervals of the excess air factor, temperature and air pressure in an intake mani-fold which provide optimum fuel consumption have been given.
The mathematical model of fuel consumption de-pending on the excess air factor has been introduced.
Studies carried out at the department "Operation of motor vehicles" of the Tyumen Industrial University show that the heating of air in an intake manifold of internal combustion engine KAMAZ 740 up to +67C the temperature interval of the minimum fuel ≤ 2,05 that gives fuel economy consumption increases from-25 to + 77 ° C when to 30 %, especially, at cars opera-tion in severe climatic conditions
Key words: excess air factor, fuel consumption, formation of a mix
Ñomputer engineering and information technology
PROCESS OF MANAGEMENT DECISION-MAKING AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL
ON THE BASIS OF INFORMATION ADVISING SYSTEM
Author's experience of studying of managerial de-cision-making features by managers of the regional government on the example of the Bryansk region is presented in the article, the information approach al-lowing to increase efficiency of decision-making on the basis of information advising system is offered.
The author defines decision-making process at the regional level as a cyclic sequence of managers’ ac-tions of the regional government aimed at solving tasks.
The assessment of features of managerial deci-sion-making at the regional level was carried out by direct observation method. Labor duties, main func-tionality, a zone of managers’ responsibility of elemen-tary, middle and top management of the Government of the Bryansk region have been studied for this purpose.
So, in process of management decision-making at the regional level managers should rely on own profes-sional skills, last experience, intuition. Information, which is a basis for decision-making, is formed by the external environment, and, respectively, is character-ized by increased complexity, heterogeneity and dis-crepancy. When tasks are difficult and vaguely formu-lated the reliance only on intuition increases the risk of incorrect or non-optimal decision-making. Thus, auto-mation of decision-making support is the way of opti-mization of administrative activity.
Use of the information advising system is defined by the author as a science-practical approach with support of decision-making at the regional level because it is based on processing of a large amount of information using statistical methods, method of expert evaluations, fuzzy sets, etc.
Thus, formation of a management decision com-plex proposed by the information advising system al-lows to increase the accuracy and reliability of recom-mendations, and favorably differs from the decisions made by means of the traditional methods based on an intuition of the managing director or on a concept of "common sense".
Key words: black management decision, regional management, the Bryansk region, information advising system, decision-making support
A.V. Morozova.PROBLEMS AND MECHANISM OF STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION
IN THE ORGANIZATION SYSTEM "ENTERPRISE-COLLEGE"
The purpose of this work consists in the presenta-tion of the results in the theoretical generalization of management problem in the organization system of "enterprise-college" and also in solving a problem of retraining cost minimization and adaptation of young specialists in organizational system of this kind.
In the paper the general approaches to solving a problem of managing the structure in the organization system "enterprise-college" are considered, and allow-ing to realize its purpose - ensuring staff quality of the industrial enterprises established by professional quali-ty standards to perform the job functions depending on a type of professional activity by means of development and realization of assessment mechanisms of formation level of competence system of university graduates and competitive selection of young specialists according to their system for replacement of the vacant positions which are available on the enterprises.
In the course of the investigation the methods of a system analysis, comparison, target setting and objects modeling were used.
As a result of the research the classification of management tasks of the structure in the organizational system "enterprise-college" is developed; mathematical model of retraining cost minimization and adaptation of young specialists hired to fill vacant engineering posts; prerequisites and limitations for the formation and subsequent growth of the organizational system "enterprise-college" are identified.
Conclusions. The search for solutions to manage-ment problem in the organization system "enterprise-college" offers such options of its formation and subse-quent optimization which allow not only to minimize average specific costs for retraining and adaptation of young specialists hired by the enterprise to fill vacant posts but also to solve more complicated task - to re-duce costs for retraining and adaptation of each young specialist having an individual structural and level con-figuration of professional competences system and hired to fill a vacant engineering post of a certain type meeting the requirements of professional standards, manufacturing process management and priorities in the system of professional competences of the expert. The implementation of such "personalized" approach makes a significant contribution to the general decrease in product cost at the enterprise
Key words: organization system, structural optimization, mechanism, quality, management, objects, model, problem, enterprise, college
Economics and management
I.A. Aleshina, T.M. Gerashchenkova.
PROCESS OF MANAGEMENT DECISION-MAKING AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL
ON THE BASIS OF INFORMATION ADVISING SYSTEM
One of the important factors limiting social and economic development of Russia is considered to be the state and efficient functioning of transport and logistic infrastructure.
The creation of a modern road and transport net-work is one of the factors providing sustainable eco-nomic growth, implementation of social programs and, eventually, improvement of the quality of human life.
Interaction of financial state interests and private business through mechanisms of state-private partner-ship has to become the main objective of modern Rus-sian state policy in favor of intensification process of capital investments increase in transport infrastructure.
The use of such mechanism will allow carrying
out projects which the state and business cannot im-plement alone. It will help to reduce social problems, will become the driving force of Russian economy, will promote the establishment of the international financial center in the Russian Federation.
The purpose of the study is to research compre-hensively the existing funding mechanism and distribu-tion of budget funds for creating transport infrastruc-ture with economic substantiation possibility of attract-ing and using non-budgetary sources
Key words: development program, transport policy, road economy, transport infrastructure, financing, road funds, public-private partnership
S.V. Andriyanov.METHODOLOGICAL BASES DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEMS MODELING IN THE CONTEXT OF DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT
Complexity of economic systems modeling for ef-ficiency assessment of their functioning and elabora-tion of development forecasts can be explained by a number of factors. One of them is heterogeneity of economic systems, significant dependence of their structure and principles of key elements interaction on the management level, industry membership, the scope of system work. Vector and development dynamics of socio-economic system are determined, on the one hand, by internal potential of its elements , each im-plements its own development trajectory on the mi-crolevel, and on the other hand – by opportunities of the external environment which is characterized by a complex mix of macroeconomic, political, social, tech-nological and natural factors.
Analysis of the existing development
methods of economic systems models at different levels allows marking out several modeling technologies among which the most promising from the point of view of application in real management practice can be considered the technology of imitation modeling based, in turn, on three methodological approaches.
For the solution of a modeling problem of regional socio-economic system combined approach application appears to be the most effective within which external macroprocesses are modeled by means of system dynamics, and internal – socio-economic processes are formalized by agent-based modeling methods
Key words: socio-economic system, imitation modeling, development management, agent-based approach, system dynamics, regional economy
INTEGRATED APPROACHES TO ASSESSMENT OF STRATEGIC
The article specifies the need for reorganization of the existing control concepts towards the strategic ori-entation.
The essence of strategic control is formalized, and the difficulties arising at the Russian enterprises fol-lowing such restructuring.
The necessity to develop a complex scorecard is justified It allows, on the one hand, to transfer the strategy to operational terms, and on the other hand to provide a possibility of back coupling and complex monitoring of implementation of this strategy.
The analysis of various modern concepts of strate-gic management is carried out, it has shown advantages of the balanced scorecard concept which allows to pre-sent the strategy of the enterprise in a system of clearly formulated goals and tasks, and also the indicators providing feedback and defining the achievement level of strategic goals in terms of following aspects: finance; marketing; internal business processes; per
sonnel, training and growth.
Criteria for the indicators selection characterizing each projection of the system are considered. The ob-servance of the principles testifies to systemacity of approach and interrelation of the selected indicators.
The algorithm of a complex system creation for an assessment of strategic management efficiency using key components of Balanced Scorecard (BSC)-model on the basis of the financial analysis of the company is offered.
The key indicators of the assessment system of strategic management efficiency are presented. They are selected according to the given algorithm.
Advantages of the complex system for an assess-ment of strategic management efficiency are defined; expediency of its application at Russian enterprises is proved.
Key words: strategic management, efficiency, complex assessment, Balanced Scorecard
INTERACTION DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND BUSINESS
IN THE BRYANSK REGION INDUSTRY
Modern trends in the development of industrial sector of economy in the Bryansk region are consid-ered. It outlines positive tendencies and dynamism of today’s changes. The factors determining the competi-tive advantages of the region industry are given and among which - a professional higher educational insti-tution - FSBEI HE "Bryansk State Technical Universi-ty". It works closely with the industrial enterprises in target personnel training and carrying out urgent scien-tific research. Here a number of training centers and research laboratories are formed.
Continuation of the existing tendencies and further dynamic development of the industry is undoubtedly connected with the enterprises interaction development of the real sector of economy, science and education. Development of strategic partnership and cluster interaction can serve it. It will make it possible to increase educational programs conformity with employer requirements, provide practical market orientation of research and development and strengthen resourcing of scientific and educational process.
Project management training is important for spe-cialists of industrial sector of economy; having studied the bases of it together with profile disciplines the graduate will be a suitably qualified entrepreneur capa-ble to carry business independently
Key words: region economy, industry, Bryansk region, technical education, industrial cluster
APPLICATION OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES MARKETING IN EDUCATIONAL
The purpose of the work is to consider problems of marketing application of educational services in the Russian educational institutions activity, to reveal pre-requisites of relevance strengthening of these problems on the market of educational services, especially the system of advanced training of heads and experts; to show that application of methodology of strategic and marketing management in practice is caused by the objective reasons which are defined by character of the changes, first of all in the organization environment.
In the course of research strategic marketing and management methods are used.
The studies show that the most important task of strategic management of the educational institution is establishment and maintenance of dynamic interaction of the organization with the environment surrounding it.
Conclusions: strategic management is intended to provide the organization long-term survival, competi-tive advantage is reached due to delivery of products or services to the consumer satisfying their requirements; cooperation problem of higher education institutions and industrial enterprises in which marketing takes a position of one of the leading functions of creating conditions for successful functioning and development of the organization, is especially urgent at present
Key words: marketing of educational services, programs of professional development, cooperation of educational institutions and enterprises, marketing activity of educational institutions
MANAGEMENT MECHANISM FORMATION OF INNOVATIVE INDUSTRY
INVESTMENT DEVELOPMENT ADEQUATE TO MODERN CONDITIONS
Recommendations for using venture capital as an investment of innovative programs and projects of industrial enterprises structures are made. The use of its and extra means is optimized at stages of innovation life cycle. The economic-mathematical model of a possible risk capital appreciation and extra means depending on security level of innovative programs and projects by own resources in the form of profit got from released innovations is developed. Options of profit formation depending on the cost of innovations and market demand are considered. The economic-mathematical model reflecting this dependence is of-fered. The economic-mathematical model of receiving profit is developed by option of short-term and long-term turnover of innovations and also methodical ap-proach to distribution of profit on innovative processes between beneficiaries is offered. The economic-mathematical model of determination of innovative efficiency of the enterprise at execution of functions by its structures on production and initiative subject. The options of their work in the conditions of openness for the external environment are investigated. Investment sources of their activity are shown. Recommendations on partnerships formation between industrial enterprises and financial-credit institutions as the bases of innovative industry structures inclusion in this cooperation are made. The principles of their relationship are defined: systemacity, common interests, mutual benefit, stability, knowledge
Key words: innovative investment, financing, venture capital, profit, financial-credit institutions, innovation life cycle, interaction
EVALUATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES POTENTIAL OF THE BRYANSK REGION BY OF GEOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC MONITORING METHOD
In the article the application method of geological and economic monitoring for the problem solution of mineral and mineral resources potential evaluation of the territory is described by means of the cost method taking into account the expediency and perspectives of investing into additional exploration and shifting of field reserves to the industrial A+B+C1 categories and transferring forecast resources under P1+P2+P3 cate-gories into geological reserves of C2 category regarding nonmetallic minerals.
Having executed the mineral resources potential evaluation of the Bryansk region by means of geologi-cal and economic monitoring method, it should be not-ed that the Bryansk region takes one of the leading positions among constituent entities of Central Federal District of the Russian Federation by the level of min-
eral resource potential.
Construction materials take the largest share in nonmetallic mineral resources base; the share of the peat fields of the open acreage is high. Mineral-raw material complex of the region are the most developed in the north-east where the main enterprises of the re-gion mineral-raw material complex are concentrated. A number of exploited and reserve nonmetallic mineral fields allow organizing quite a large and highly effec-tive production of qualitative construction materials in the area
Key words: geological and economic monitoring, mineral-raw material complex, mineral resources base, mineral resources potential, technical and economic indicators, geological reserves
EVALUATION OF ECONOMIC SECURITY LEVEL OF THE MINERAL-RAW
MATERIAL COMPLEX IN THE BRYANSK REGION
Silicon carbide black grinding powders 54CF180-F36, mass-produced at Volzhsky Abrasive Plant are studied. Powders are screened into fractions according to GOST R 52381. Measurement of a grain width of each fraction was carried out by means of a photomet-ric method using specially developed software. For the vast majority of fractions the grain width follows the normal distribution law. The deviation of the grain width from the normal law can be observed at the frac-tions settled on the second sieve and the pallet. With decreasing the nominal mesh size of a pass sieve in each grit size the arithmetic mean of grain width of the main fraction decreases, dispersion reduces from the fraction settling on the second sieve to the fourth and increases at the fraction settling on the pallet. In case of the identical mesh size of a pass sieve the mean and dispersion of grain width fraction increase with grinding powder grit increase. For each grit size the functional dependences of the mean and dispersion of grain width fraction on a mesh size of a pass sieve are established
Keywords: economic security, mineral-raw material complex, mineral resources base, mineral resources potential, technical and economic indicators, geological reserves
A.I. Demidenko, I.A. Demidenko.
CONTROL SYSTEM MODERNIZATION OF ENTERPRISE COMPETITIVENESS
WITH THE USE OF COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
research of system approach to modernization of management process of competitiveness of the industrial enterprise.
The research is important today because the methodology of control system modernization of industrial enterprise competitiveness corresponds to priority scientific directions providing efficiency increase of enterprise functioning.
Scientific novelty, methods originality of the re-search task solution are connected with steady func-tioning of production and economic system which is provided by effective business planning and is imple-mented by means of identification of sufficient re-sources criterion. In case of resources shortage, the analysis of internal reserves of the enterprise and elim-ination of resources shortage is carried out if it isn't possible to eliminate shortage, then the issue of re-placement is resolved.
The main results of research, the theoretical and practical importance are that low degree of market dynamics predictability of the market and emerging situations having strategic character are vitally important for the enterprises. In these conditions the great importance is attached to the ideas and technologies of development management actively implementing into practice of enterprise management. At the same time the practical importance of such control system modernization of competitiveness has great importance and especially for providing the management of the enterprise with strategic analysis technique
Key words: system approach, modernization, steady functioning, competitiveness management, enterprise, analysis of control systems, production
"GREEN" ECONOMY IN THE CONTEXT OF SOCIO-TECHNOGENIC
DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD
Stages of model formation and "green" economy concept in the context of socio-technogenic develop-ment of the world are considered. It is revealed that in the second half of the XX century the interconnected changes in economy and nature generated the interest in formation in the world of environmental economics, searching ways of steady co-evolutional social natural development. It has predetermined the lines of interna-tional cooperation within the UN International Confer-ence on environmental and development matters (1972, 1992, 2002, 2012, 2015, etc.). The conferences served to establish the interrelation of social, economic and ecological factors, to emphasize the importance of interaction of the country governments, business and public organizations in achievement of global ecologi-cal efficiency, the formation of ecologically focused model of economy adopted in the 21st century as a model of "green" economy. However, despite the in-ternational activity of the countries, science and busi-ness, a comprehensive scientific analysis showed dis-appointing results of strengthening modern degradation processes in biosphere. The "green" industrial revolu-tion which is developed now in the world is intended to connect the potential of economic growth with inten-tions of essential reduction of load on the planet eco-systems. It is proved that "green" economy model which is actively spread in industrially developed countries of the world combines a limited economic growth and safe, careful attitude to natural processes. Using the methodology of the system socio-natural approach (overcoming a narrow framework of a socio-economic research method) it is defined that "green" economic activity is implemented due to development of the innovative technologies and technosphere sub-stances developed according to market laws in accord-ance with corporate business interests. The conclusion is drawn that expansion of artificial processes and sub-stances due to technocratic-cantered liberal economic activity leads to increase of technogenesis of socio-biospheric evolution to more distancing of modern society from natural environment. Therefore the world community when developing programs of a new "green" paradigm of economic activity (as part of the concept of sustainable development) needs to prove exhaustively scientifically how socially and economi-cally responsible and whenever possible with the min-imum damage to the biosphere to combine expansion of technogenic processes with the developing natural life.
Key words::"green" economy, market, socio-technogenic development, technosphere, biosphere
PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AS AN INSTRUMENT OF INVENTIVE ACTIVITY STIMULATION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The current state of inventive activity in Russia is considered. It is shown that Russia isn't included even into ten world leaders by the number of received pa-tents for inventions whereas until recently it was among the top three. It significantly reduces the poten-tial of innovative development of the Russian Federa-tion.
Measures which can help to stimulate inventive activity are given. The main of them are: stimulation of intellectual potential (IP) increase of the organization staff capable to be engaged in inventive activity and preparation of specialists in higher education institutions with high IP and having basic knowledge for inventive activity; use of modern economic institute of the public-private partnership (PPP) for detailed study of inventions and introducing them in production.
It is most appropriate to use tools of PPP in the form of regional or regional venture funds.
The considered measures can help, at the first stage, to intensify inventive activity in Russia, and, therefore, to improve its innovative potential that will lead, as a result, to strengthening of economic security in Russia
Key words:institution, public-private partnership, PPP, intangible assets, patent, intellectual potential
ISSUES OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY INVESTMENT AT THE ENTERPRISES
OF HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SERVICES
In the conditions of investment resource limitation the choice of innovative projects for their further fi-nancing is an important and urgent task. It fully be-longs to the most complex and problematic sector of housing and communal services (HCS) where for dec-ades innovations were ignored. Problems of develop-ment of housing and communal services are com-pounded by the fact that the technological, economic, organizational and social problems connected with outdated technical and technological base, continuous insufficient funding and reforming intertwine here. The paper proposes some practical approaches to selection of innovative projects, correlation of the expenses which are required for their realization and the received results
Key words: innovative activity, investments, housing and communal services.
STATE SUPPORT EFFICIENCY OF SMALL AND AVERAGE BUSINESS
IN THE REGION (ON EXPERIENCE OF THE BRYANSK REGION)
Increase of national economy efficiency in many respects depends on the effectiveness of small and medium enterprises (SME) in this connection the sys-tem of measures of state support for SME is important.
In regions of the Russian Federation state pro-grams of SME support which are implemented at joint financing from the federal budget are developed. Vari-ous mechanisms of their realization are used.
The questions of the state SME support realized in regions of the Russian Federation are considered. Dur-ing implementation of this program various directions and mechanisms of its implementation were used. Grantmaking to start-up entrepreneurs was the most inefficient as some of them were unprepared for ob-servance of necessary requirements of grant realization.
On the basis of the analysis of the actual materials of SME development in the Bryansk region the conclusion is drawn that the most effective is the mechanism of point support in the short term. In the medium or long term it cannot be compared with the business environment formation in the region. The mechanism of point support can be one of the formation elements of the favorable business environment mechanism
Key words: economy, small business, state support, mechanisms, indicators, region
INCREASE OF STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT LEVEL OF THE INDUSTRIAL
ENTERPRISES IN RUSSIA
At the present stage of innovative economy for-mation in Russia the solution of problems of effective industrial complex development of the country is of the utmost importance. The Russian Federation, having the considerable potential for maintaining effective development of the industrial enterprises, is at the initial stage of innovative industry modernization. For efficiency increase of industrial enterprises activity, and, in particular, mechanical engineering, it is offered to use the following events: business process reengineering of some enterprises; creation of industrial clusters on the basis of the most effectively functioning enterprises; monitoring of the strategic development level and potential of the industrial enterprises with the purpose of detecting the most and the least promising. Business process reengineering involves strong, revolutionary reorganization of the organization processes which must be accompanied by the implementation of a new information system at the enterprise. Its purpose is a sharp improvement of key activity indicators. Industrial clusters represent modern form of enterprises associations on mesolevel of economy. For the purpose of achievement of maximum effectiveness of the industry it is also necessary to monitor the enterprises of the industry based on growth rates of business cost and potential. Using the listed methods will allow to rebuild radically both the separate enterprises of the industry, and the whole industry in general and made it the leading one for economic development of the country.
Key words: business process, optimization, level of strategic development, industry
CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS-PROCESSES MANAGEMENT BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF SYNERGY
The importance of research aimed at developing the management concept of business-processes on the basis of the principles of synergy from the scientific-theoretical point of view is caused by the absence of design ways in modern methodology, reengineering and automation of business-processes allowing to con-sider the economic entity as a dissipative structure.
From the scientific and practical point of view the urgency of research is caused by necessity of commer-cial and non-commercial organizations forthe system of tested techniques and information management systems of business processes of socio-economic systems in the context of task support formed by the automated system to the person and also tasks like "person-person".
The author has developed the management con-cept of business-processes on the basis of self-organization principles, defined the economic man-agement tools reflecting elements of synergy: attractor, fluctuation, fractal, bifurcation point.
The common notation system of a broadened management concept of business-processes is devel-oped, and also the psycho-economic simulation model of labor productivity dependence on the level of emo-tional state is developed that will allow to increase effi-ciency of strategic and operational planning, and to develop high-quality information services by IT spe-cialists
Key words: synergy, psychology of economic behavior, reengineering of business-processes
FORMATION OF LONG-TERM COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF THE ENTERPRISE BASED ON THE CONCEPT OF STRATEGIC COST MANAGEMENT
The problem of formation of long-term competi-tive advantages of an industrial enterprise based on the concepts of strategic cost management is considered.
The introduction explains urgency of the problem being investigated for the Russian enterprises.
In the first part various interpretations of the con-cepts are specified: competitiveness and competitive advantage depending on an object to which they are applied.
Then the comparative characteristic of some for-mation techniques of competitive advantages is carried out and it is defined that strategic cost management has advantages as it is directed to the formation of unique, more effective and long-term competitive advantages, and also uses all existing internal and external sources.
Then the successive stages are given and the for-mation algorithm of competitive advantages based on strategic cost management including the search of ad-vantages using the concept of cost factors, their as-sessment and justification using a file of values con-cept, creation of advantages with the use of strategic positioning concept is developed
Key words: strategy, competitiveness, cost management, a file of values, competitive advantage
ROLE OF LOGISTICS IN ECONOMY AND ORGANIZATION
The feasibility is shown and necessity's substan-tiation of logistics for organization activity is given. The general explanation of the essence of logistic pro-cess is offered, the system concept in relation to logis-tics is explained; the logistics role in economy and in organization activity is analyzed. Importance of the integrated logistic management (LM), applications of the analysis of the general expenses, measurements of logistic process results is emphasized. LM is a part of process in chains of deliveries during which the effec-tive and productive flow of goods is implemented and controlled, including their stocks, service and transfer of the information form a place of origin up to a place of consuming with the purpose of the fullest satisfac-tion of inquiries of consumers. In recent years the ef-fective LM is recognized as a key element necessary for increasing profitability and indices of company activities reflecting their competitiveness. The logistics in itself forms a certain system; in the form of a net-work with interdependent types of activity, which pur-pose is operational management of a flow of materials and workers inside the logistics channel (logistics channel). Logistics allows to support high dynamics and movement of a large number of economic opera-tions and transactions, i.e. appears as an important type of activity promoting sales actually of all goods and services
Key words:logistics, integrated logistics, "Supply Chain Management, SCM" - management of supply chains, identification of network structure of supply chains, SCM-business processes, system approach, consumer value, Customer Relationships Management, CRM-management of relationship with consumers, sale of added value to consumers, usefulness of time and place
PROBLEMS OF INNOVATIVE STRATEGY FORMATION OF ECONOMIC ENTITIES TAKING INTO ACCOUNT MODERN REQUIREMENTS OF THE MARKET
The formation mechanism of the innovative strat-egy of economic entity offered by the author includes the following stages: the analysis of macro- and micro-environment factors; the analysis of innovative poten-tial of the managing system; marketing and investment analysis of the innovative projects; working out innovative development strategy; drawing up the passport of innovative development and acceptance of administrative decisions on its basis; the analysis and control of the efficiency of implementing a chosen innovative strategy.
Reasonable innovative strategy will allow the en-terprise to adapt quickly to the changing environmental conditions, to reduce the risk level of introducing innovative activity, to define the directions of the enterprise development in the innovative field competently and also to concentrate administrative efforts in order to achieve strategically important tasks
Key words:innovations, innovative potential, innovative strategy, strategic management, innovative activity
APPROACH TO COORDINATION OF THE PURPOSES AND INDICATORS FOR
VARIOUS PERIODS PLANNING AT A MACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISE
Today there is an inconsistency issue between tak-ing the management decisions and the required production condition at machine-building enterprises, including high production costs, long period of a production cycle and the operational delays. For solving the problem the author of the work has investigated production and management at machine-building enterprise on the basis of system analysis. The approach for coordinating purposes and indicators at the strategic, tactical and operational level of management at machine-building enterprise is offered. The proposed technical solutions are introduced in CJSC CC Bryansk Engineering Plant and universal theu can be applied at all machine-building enterprises of the country
Key words:enterprise, management, purpose, system, production, indicators
APPLICATION OF LOGISTICS SYSTEMS IN MACHINE-BUILDING ENTERPRISES
The use of logistic approach at machine-building enterprises has considerable results. The application of tools and methods "kaidzen" and lean production al-lows to achieve substantial efficiency increase of en-terprise activity, labor productivity, improvement of product quality and growth of competitiveness without considerable capital investments.
These logistic systems are implemented success-fully at the Russian machine-building enterprises. JSC Lyudinovsky Locomotive Works successfully realizes the quality system "5 S kaidzen", and SA "UK "BMZ" in April, 2016 has received certificate of compliance for the Quality management system of Economical production. These systems have allowed to reduce losses considerably and to increase product quality.
Thus, applying the logistic approach in the organi-zation of production processes at machine-building enterprises leads to improvement of product quality, increase in competitiveness both on internal and on international markets
Key words:kaidzen, gamba, 5 S kaidzen, card of stream of value creation, Deming cycle (PDCA), economical production
SYSTEM APPROACH FOR MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION RESOURCES AND STREAMS AT THE ENTERPRISE
The problem of system model for management of resources and information streams at the enterprise is considered in the article. The enterprise as a complete system is analyzed, the concept of system is formulat-ed, exact definitions for the information management system and information technologies are given. The system approach for resource management and infor-mation streams is considered. The analysis of statistics concerning special software use at the enterprises of Russia is made. Based on the offered approach for management of information resources and streams at the enterprise using worthy appropriate information technologies, the conclusion is drawn that with applica-tion of the above factors, the leadership will lead the organization to success and remain competitive
Key words:management system, enterprise, information streams, information technologies, informatization
INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONDITIONS OF ENSURING ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE REGION
In modern conditions of economy development and strengthening of globalization processes in the world space one of the most urgent problems of the Russian Federation is the national interests’ safety that assumes improvement of the managing mechanism of certain territorial subjects of the federation according to the Strategy of national security of the country. One of the leading roles in this case is assigned to innovative production by an industrial complex of economy which will provide competitiveness of national economy in accordance with the needs of world consumers.
The integration of the efforts of regional authori-ties and business owners has to become the practical purpose of the management mechanism of the industrial potential of the Bryansk region. It is aimed at efficiency increase of industrial potential use due to implementation of "new" industrial policy, based on intensification of innovative activity, increase of science and production interaction, improvement of the state support mechanisms.
Key words:component, innovative potential, region, regional system, threat, economic security
SOCIO-ECONOMIC MEASURES OF SOUTHWEST AREAS DEVELOPMENT OF THE BRYANSK REGION, MOST AFFECTED BY CHERNOBYL DISASTER
The population of southwest regions of the Bry-ansk region (Novozybkovsky, Krasnogorsk, Zlynkov-sky, Gordeevsky, Klintsy, Klimovsk and Starodub re-gions) was most exposed to radiation from the Cherno-byl accident.
For reducing social and economic consequences of the accident it is necessary to increase population welfare, to create a social and attractive business envi-ronment, to promote innovative development of the industry, increase of the birth rate, growth of life ex-pectancy of citizens, formation of civil society, and also to control the city and the region effectively.
The article distinguishes the main socio-economic
problems of southwest regions of the Bryansk region, such as poor production development, low level of the salary, low level of investment into the fixed capital, poor health care, leaving of youth, etc.
For development of southwest regions of the Bry-ansk region it is necessary to increase enterprise activi-ty through creation of industrial and agro-industrial clusters. It is also recommended to create Centre of economic development of southwest regions of the Bryansk region and transport-logistical center
Key words:socio-economic problems, development, Bryansk region, Chernobyl accident, Center of economic development, transport-logistical center
INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN RUSSIA BASED ON INTRODUCTION OF THE "ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT" CONCEPT
Now the process of information and communica-tion technologies introduction in the activity of public authorities goes beyond the framework of some in-formatization programs and projects and becomes a driving transformation force of both the organization of public authorities work, and approaches to execute state functions in general. At the same time there is lack of systemacity and integral regulation of using information technologies in public administrative activity, uncertainty and discrepancy of some provisions of the legislation, lack of the uniform concept of "the electronic government".
Using a generalization method, comparative and formal-logical approaches, the article attempts to represent a complex attitude towards the problem of "electronic government" formation in the Russian Federation as one of possible instruments of increasing public administration efficiency. Studying a definition of "the electronic government" has allowed to formu-late an author's interpretation of this term, to systemat-ize and generalize its functioning principles, and also to plan the possible directions of solving the organiza-tional and legal problems connected with the develop-ment of this concept in the Russian Federation
Key words:public administration, efficiency, information and communication technologies, electronic government, public authorities and local governments
IDENTIFICATION OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR INCREASING COMPETITIVENESS
OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN MODERN CONDITIONS
The paper aims at developing the system approach to management process of competitiveness of higher education institution for increasing the choice efficiency and application of its progressive development strategy.
Significant results of the scientific research:
- an idea of the concept of higher education insti-tution competitiveness, its key components and fea-tures is formed, and also the main approaches to de-termination of its level are identified;
- the complex technique of competitiveness as-sessment of higher education institutions within the region is developed;
- approbation of the developed technique of com-petitiveness assessment of higher education institution based on materials of FSBEI HE "Bryansk State Tech-nical University" is carried out.
Scientific novelty of the research consists in de-velopment of theoretical-methodical concepts and practical recommendations for increasing management efficiency of higher education institution competitiveness by carrying out a complex assessment of its level.
Use of the main results of scientific research in practice of competitiveness management of a higher education institution allows to reveal shortcomings of management strategy of higher education institution competitiveness and to highlight capacities for their elimination
Key words:competitiveness of higher education institution, assessment technique, internal and external environment of higher education institution
STATISTICAL JUSTIFICATION OF SWOT ANALYSIS OF PERSONNEL PROCESSES IN A QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF THE ORGANIZATION
According to requirements of the ISO 9000 new standards of 2015 version process management in a quality management system (QMS) of the organization provides interrelation of three factors: their planning, realization of PDCA cycle and the risk-focused thinking including the evaluation of environmental factors influence which can lead to the deviation from the planned results and also minimize negative consequences and maximize emerging opportunities. ISO 9001 standards : 2015 don't contain requirements for application of concrete techniques of the evaluation of environmental factors influence, and the organization can choose the tool which satisfies its requirements. The international ISO 31000 standards containing the general guidelines on the identification, management and the selection of the method of risk assessment are oriented at carrying out this task.
SWOT analysis as a traditional tool for an assess-ment of organization context (environment) influence is included into the list of risk management methods recommended by the international ISO 31000 stand-ards. However the traditional technique of carrying out SWOT analysis has shortcomings as well, in particular, there are practically no ways of formalization at the selection assessment of the strategy and QMS devel-opment that complicates, increases the labor input of their realization and reduces the objectivity of obtained data. The solution of this problem is possible on the basis of the application procedure of statistical SWOT analysis justification in a quality management system of the organization allowing to increase reliability of the obtained data as a result of a research and to identify perspective for functioning and QMS strategy development correctly. In the article the procedure of statistical SWOT analysis justification of the results on the example of personnel selection in a quality management system of the organization is considered
Key words:quality management system; ISO 9001: 2015 standard; conducting the SWOT analysis, statistical assessment of SWOT analysis results
ETHICAL BASES OF ECONOMIC SCIENCE METHODOLOGY
Now theoretical scientific knowledge, including economic is at post-non-classicism stage which is char-acterized by actualization of the interdisciplinary ap-proach, strengthening of an ethical role and attracting attention to the study of difficult systems and non-linear processes. However not all currents of an eco-nomic thought correspond to post-non-classicism stage. The mainstream economics is described by some scientists in terms of crisis, super formality, unrealistic basic prerequisites and stalling. In many respects it is connected with the fact that basic outlines of an economic mainstream are based on outdated philosophical prerequisites of two centuries ago. Overcoming restrictions of economic science requires reconsideration of its methodological bases and the research object, the appeal to other social sciences and humanities achievements. Today in the methodology of economic science there are essential revolutionary changes connected with formation of a humanistic paradigm, studying of the heterogeneous economic subjects behavior having different moral qualities. According to the author, overcoming the crisis phenomena in the economic theory and increase of the practical significance of economy as a science can be connected with a return to dialectic logic, ontological bases of economic knowledge, ethical rationality, and consideration of relationship between humans
Key words:ethics, methodology, model of the person, paradigm, scientific revolution, dialectics
STATE, PROBLEMS AND THE PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN
CAPITAL IN THE SCIENTIFIC SPHERE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The purpose of the paper is to consider dynamics, structure, and also features of financing and the ways of human capital development in the scientific sphere of the Russian Federation.
Methods of investigation are the analysis and synthesis, historical and logical methods, a systematic approach, a graphical method, a relative values method.
According to the results of the research the main stages of Russian science development after breakup of the Soviet Union are defined, dynamics of the number of researchers by areas of science and also their age structure are considered. The reasons preventing further continuation of young Russian scientists activity in the Russian Federation, and also on the contrary, keeping them in the country are established. Dynamics of expenditures on the scientific and technical RF complex development is shown based on the resolution of the RF Government on Federal target program «Research and development on the priority directions of Russian scientific-technological complex development for 2014-2020" taking into account its annual adjustment.
Conclusions: a range of issues hampering the de-velopment of Russian science at the present stage of its development is defined, such as insufficient effective-ness of scientific research, lack of independent self-evaluation, undeveloped infrastructure and insufficient material and technical resources, and also the widening gap between basic and applied scientific research. The solution of these problems has the special significance in the context of growing competition in the world sci-entific system under condition to postindustrial society
Key words:science, researchers, human capital
DEPENDENCE OF THE MEAN AND DISPERSION OF GRAIN WIDTH OF SILICON CARBIDE BLACK GRINDING POWDERS ON THE MESH SIZE OF A PASS SIEVE
Problems and possibilities of innovation system development of the Bryansk region by means of inter-action intensifying of business and higher education institutions are considered. Relevance of the idea of higher education institution transformation into full-fledged participants of innovation process is estimated. On the one hand, they act as organizations for higher education training, on the other hand - as organizations creating emergence, introduction and diffusion of in-novation. Scientific approaches to formation of as-sessment techniques of innovation infrastructure are analyzed.
A specific feature of author's technique consists in using statistics, indicators of analytical Monitoring system of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, and calculation tools of area graphs characterizing state assessment of innovation infrastructure of the region in 2010-2015, influence extent of each factor on region GRP.
The author's technique solves assessment problem of not only current state of innovation infrastructure of the region, but also allows to define the greatest and smallest influence of factors on the development of this or that type of infrastructure in a certain time interval
Key words:regional innovation system, scientific and technological development, “triple helix” concept, innovation system, business, power, higher education institution
THE ORETICAL ASPECTS OF MASS MEDIA PLANNING
The purpose of any advertizing campaign is a cer-tain impact on potential consumers of goods or service. For achievement of this task, first of all, it is necessary to make this information available to the necessary audience within the desirable term. Accuracy of "mes-sage delivery" depends on quality of work on such stage of advertizing campaign as mass media planning. The term mass media planning has been "russified" for the first time at the end of 1994 at the scientific seminar held by the research center "V-ratio" at the Institute of sociology of RAS. The name of new discipline was developed by the experts of leading Moscow advertizing agencies engaged in advertizing research and development of advertizing campaigns plans.
The American word "media" means a set of ways for advertising including any mass media and outdoor advertizing. At the same time experts have combined the term "media" with the word "planning". As a result of it, when merging the two words a standard term has appeared reflecting interrelation of optimum planning of the advertizing budget and the choice of advertizing channels
Key words:mass media planning, media strategy, media channel, media platforms, media indicators
THE NEED OF INTRODUCING PROGRESSIVE SCALE OF INCOME TAX
Results of the functioning of a flat scale of income tax in the Russian Federation are considered. The need of introducing progressive personal income tax (personal income tax) is proved.
On the basis of statistical data for the last 15 years the average annual rates of revenues from personal income tax to budget are analysed and shown graphically. Results of the analysis demonstrate sharp decrease of these payments and negative dynamics in accordance with the results of 2015.
Maintaining the current system of personal in-come taxation doesn't allow to form socially oriented taxation in relation to various sectors of society which are sharply differ by the size of received profit. In these conditions it is necessary to develop social and fair system of progressive taxation on the basis of practical experience of economically developed countries.
The personal income taxation reform demands careful and detailed study in all directions taking into account the reflection of developed economic situation and practical application for various social groups of society. The solution of these tasks will allow to create the socially oriented taxation
Key words:progressive personal income tax, flat scale of income tax, tax reform, state corporations, top managers
FORMATION OF THRESHOLD VALUES OF INDICATIVE INDICATORS
OF NATIONAL ECONOMIC SECURITY
It provides an overview of various approaches to formation of threshold values of economic security indicators; disadvantages and "weak" points of the existing systems are revealed. The most optimum ap-proach which is based on the method of indicative analysis is highlighted. Threshold values of the main indicators of economic security of the Russian Federa-tion at the national and regional levels are calculated; the examples of their definitions and justifications are given. The following indicators are considered: ratio of external debt to GDP; the relation of the resources in-volved in a shadow turn to GDP; ratio of per capita income to the subsistence minimum. An approach to clustering of regions of the Russian Federation on threshold values of indicators of economic security is offered. The following features can be selected among the main features of clustering: climatic conditions, degree of territory development, structure of industrial production in the area, provision of the territory with its own mineral resources, strength of logistic territory’s links with other areas, development of scientific schools and scientific potential of the territory, devel-opment of higher education, level of development and orientation of the structure of industrial production in the area, export potential of the territory, geographical location of the territory, degree of population areas, production capacity and financial support of the territory, age composition, etc
Key words:economic security, indicative analysis, indicators of economic security, threshold values, territorial groups
MAIN PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE SMALL
INNOVATIVE ENTERPRISES IN THE BRYANSK REGION
Innovative activity can be defined as a scientific and technical progress direction, and as the process connected with introducing the results of research and development in production. Russian economy devel-opment is based on the use of intellectual resource providing maximum efficiency of production at the minimum level of material inputs. The small commer-cial enterprises carrying out active innovative activity allowing them to create new products and technologies with the minimum expenses play a key role. Recently the importance of innovations increases in the world. The state plays a crucial role in innovative activity development in Russia developing and realizing actions for the support of innovatively active enterprises. In the international practice, small business in market economy is the leading sector of economy, defining rates of its economic growth, structure and quality of GNP (gross national product). Experience of many small innovative enterprises functioning at higher education institutions has shown that their development will be successful only in case of coincidence of national objectives with interests of higher education institution, the management of the enterprise and its employees. Small innovative enterprises requires state support which is carried out in such forms as: creation of investment institutes; holding competitions of innovative projects and works leading to the development of innovative activity of the educational and research organizations, and business in general
Key words:innovative activity, innovative activity, small innovative enterprise
INCREASE OF ORDERS COMPETITIVENESS AT THE INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE
Competition growth, increase of requirements to production quality and services on the part of custom-ers and, being a consequence of it, growth of uncertain-ty in many markets force the increasing number of machine-building enterprises to focus their production and economic structure and a control system on work by consumer order.
The article formulates the main approaches to management of production systems. Actions for in-creasing competitiveness of enterprise orders on the basis of internal potential are worked out. The structure of transformational production is considered. Reserves of increasing technical and economic efficiency for the purpose of competitive orders portfolio formation are revealed
Key words:industry, technical upgrading, efficiency, competitiveness.
D.V. Strizhakov, E.N. Strizhakova.
INCREASE OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
AS THE MAIN FACTOR OF ECONOMIC GROWTH
Increase of labor productivity problems is consid-ered. The main opportunities of implementation of the Russian President's Decree ¹596 of May 7, 2012 "On the long-term state economic policy" made towards improving labor productivity are analyzed, the main problems are identified. Using calculations based on "Long-term plan for social and economic development in the Russian Federation until 2030" it is shown that achievement of necessary growth of productivity at preservation of the current technological level is almost impossible, and growth of productivity is based more now on decreasing of the number of working popula-tion.
The calculated advance coefficient of the coun-try’s economy as a whole and for the processing pro-duction has made it possible to analyze the size of the possible economy of means received as a result of la-bor productivity increase. Labor undervaluation in the country in comparison with the western countries is a serious shortcoming. The main directions of labor productivity are shown; techniques according to which there is a possibility of increasing labor productivity within implementation of the President's Decree are presented.
Key words:industry, labor productivity, efficiency, salary
EFFICIENCY INCREASE OF USING INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES: MAIN ASPECTS
Economists are interested in problems of increas-ing the efficiency of resource use in industry for a long time. However in modern conditions at the stage of the transfer to innovative way of development in the situa-tion of sanctions it is one of the key problems.
In the article the author's principles of industrial systems management are formulated: compliance; systemacity and integrity; safety; coordination. The author's principle is marked out: the principle of alloca-tive according to which it is necessary to accept admin-istrative efforts for maximum effectiveness resources use and the measures applied in management process have to consider heterogeneous nature of the industrial system, and, therefore, in various sectors they have to be various.
The author shows a formula for the growth rate of allocation system effectiveness, classification of re-sources and factors is carried out, the directions for the choice of extensive and intensive type of industrial system growth are shown. Special attention is paid to the management of intangible assets. Methods of in-creasing the efficiency of their use at the microlevel (the industrial enterprise) and macrolevel (industrial system of the country) of management are considered. Using the recommendations presented in the article will give the chance to increase allocative efficiency of the used resources, adaptive efficiency of the industrial enterprises that finally will lead to growth of the overall system effectiveness
Key words:industry, factor, resource, efficiency, allocation
THE CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGICAL ORDER AS THE MAIN DIRECTION OF THE THEORY OF LONG WAVES IN ECONOMY
The article deals with the concept of technological order as urgent and empirically justified continuation of the known theory of long waves in economy. The theory of long waves allows to predict world economic crises and economic growth at the empirical level for 50 years. Genesis of long waves theory by means of retrospective author's classification of long waves theo-ries according to technological, economic, institutional, administrative and social features is analyzed. The main group of authors who have created modern and urgent theory of long waves checked by time and strengthened by empirical calculations is: N.D. Kon-dratiev, G. Mensh, J. Dosi, Sh. Perez, S.Yu. Glazyev. The academician Glazyev has formed the concept of the technological order which is empirically proved continuation of the long waves theory. In this concept the main statements-laws, and the need of methodological approaches for technological, economic, institutional, administrative and sociological areas are revealed. An obvious property of the technological coherence of productions is considered. The logic of formation and interaction of technological units is described in detail. The conclusions are drawn about the presence of technological order. The technological innovations defining the core formation of technological way and revolutionizing technological structure of economy have received the name "key factor". Such factor now and for the next 50 years is nanotechnologies. Conclusions are drawn concerning the main property of the technological order which is a self-reproducing integrity because of that technical development of economy is only possible by consecutive change of technological orders
Key words:theory of long waves, technological order, nanotechnologies
FEATURES OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE FORMATION
The territory of Bryansk is provided with power, transport, engineering and social infrastructure, the level of infrastructure development, differs in different districts of the city. Formation and development of social infrastructure in the region involves creating and extension of facilities supporting the vital activities: schools, hospitals, sports complexes, and social infra-structure of comfort (for free choice of leisure - park zones, facilities for physical exercises, etc.), and also the objects of cultural heritage, historical monuments. At the same time, in the context of Russian and international economic crisis the construction tendencies of cheap housing in the economy sector are observed in the region, building is carried out on the suburbs of the city, there is a tendency of the residential building without objects of social infrastructure located within easy reach from the residential district that in total leads to a reduction in the quality of life in the region
Key words:regional economy, development of the region, social infrastructure, housing construction, real estate market, to decline in quality of life in the region